In the midst of the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19, a new fear emerged in the community with the presence of the Hantavirus caused by mice. Hantavirus carries by rodents species Peromyscus maniculatus, cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus), rice rat (Oryzomys palustris), and white-footed (Peromyscus leucopus). This disease spreads in North and South America.
Mode of transmission to humans, if humans breathe air that is dust contaminates with urine or rat droppings or droppings. Make direct contact with rats, urine and feces, as well as injuries from rat bites.
However, besides the Hanta Virus, there are 7 other diseases cause for rats. The following are quotes from the CDC, Thursday.
1. Hemorrhagic renal syndrome:
The disease is the reason by field mice, brown rats, Clethrionomys and yellow-necked mice type of field mouse or Apodemus flavicollis. Usually occurs in the continental regions of East Asia, Russia, Korea, Scandinavia, Western Europe, and the Balkans.
Just like the Hantavirus, this disease spreads in northern and southern America. Mode of transmission to humans, if humans breathe air that is dust contaminated with urine or rat droppings or droppings.
Make direct contact with rats, urine and feces, bite wounds from rats and there is the possibility remains of a person-to-person contact or fellow humans although very rarely mentioned.
2. Lassa fever:
Diseases arising from viruses carried by multi-mammate mice, or the scientific name Astomys natalensis species complex. The disease that occurs in the West African region is the way of transmission through breathing air contaminated with dust from rat droppings, there is direct contact with rats, urine and feces. Then it could also be due to eating food contaminated with rat droppings, and injuries from being bitten by rats.
If this is a disease reason by bacteria carries by all types of mice. This disease is not only happening in Indonesia but also spread throughout the world tablets! The method of transmission is in many ways, it can be from eating food or drinking water contaminated with rat urine. Until there is contact through the skin or mucous membranes (such as in the nose) with water or soil contaminated with rat urine.
Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis, a disease caused by a virus from the home mouse aka mus musculus. Just like leptospirosis, this disease spreads all over the world. The method of transmission can be through the air, air contaminated with dust from rat droppings, there is direct contact with mice, urine and feces and wounds on the body from being bitten by rats.
A series of wild rodents such as rock squirrels, prairie dogs, wood rats, fox squirrels, ground squirrels, and chipmunks. These wild rodents carry bacteria, which then transmits to humans through bite wounds and direct contact with infected animals.
6. Rat-bite fever:
The method of transmission is through bite wounds by infected mice, holding dead rats, and consuming food or drink contaminated by rat droppings.
Just like a fever causes by mice, salmonellosis is also a disease causes bacteria from all types of mice. One way of transmission is by consuming food or drinks contaminated by rat droppings.